José Ramos-Horta

José Ramos-Horta was the first Minister of External Relations of East Timor and later served as the country’s Prime Minister (June 2006-May 2007). He was the President of East Timor until 20 May 2012. During the Indonesian occupation (1975-1999), he acted in exile as...

Shirin Ebadi

A defender of human rights from Iran who was no longer scared of her fear ‘Everyone who fights for human rights in Iran must anticipate life in fear, from birth to death. I have learnt how to overcome that fear’, is the motto of Shirin Ebadi who was honoured with the...

Mikhail Gorbachev

Reformer of Communism who led to its demise The former and only President of the Soviet Union, the last Soviet leader and at the same time a new-generation one heading that state, author of perestroika and glasnost, received the 1990 Nobel Peace Prize for his...

Lech Wałęsa

Legendary Solidarity leader and icon of Communism toppling       Nobel Peace Prize Laureate, former President of Poland Lech Wałęsa is, next to Pope John Paul II one of the best known Poles in today’s world. He headed the 1980 strike in the Gdansk Shipyard, the...

Frederik Willem de Klerk

Frederik Willem de Klerk, the last white president and head of the government of South Africa in 1989-94, brought about the end of the apartheid system in the country, opening it to democracy through free election. In 1990, he conditionally released Nelson Mandela...

Mairead Maguire

Mairead Maguire was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in l976 for her  work for peace and a nonviolent solution to the ethnic/political conflict in Northern Ireland – an award she shares with Betty Williams.   The two women, along with journalist Ciaran McKeown organized...